argumentationArgumentation is generally linked with debate. Using it during public speaking doesn’t need not be combative or adversarial. Using it the right way can actually educate. It can develop the listeners’ experience.

At first, you might actually think to evade it. This is especially when persuasion is your goal. The argument here is not having a quarrel or being hardheaded. Do not consider it as an assault of the conflicting POV.

Fundamentally, argumentation is laying out the grounds for opposing a point of view. It comprises of deductive reasoning, presentation and elaboration. It begins with a proposition. This is where one expresses his POV on a certain topic. It is then followed by supporting evidence. Principles are raised to back-up the proposition. Continue with reasoning on the subject. Then you apply inductions and deductions to the proposed thought.

An education speech is proposed as information or fact despite being given a person’s interpretation of that info. Argumentation necessitates questioning that interpretation and defending it. It includes refuting it. It may also offer a new point of view about it.

Why Argumentation Should Be Used

By nature, some topics will have advocates on one side. Others may believe that empirical evidence may be lacking. To arrive at a conclusion may be hard. The issues may be moral, scientific or religious. They may be too deep to be answered alone by science.

Use a Thesis Statement or a Claim

In argumentation, your speech needs to have a purpose. In the end, what do you want your listeners to bring with them as they walk away? What kind of response would you like from them? The more narrow and more tightly focused your subject is, the better. So better start with a focused claim or thesis statement.

For example, claiming that evolution is inaccurate and creation is correct. This is too broad of a topic that might just end up lobbing a bag of smelly garbage in the opposing factions. Argue in a reasoning manner on a certain aspect of belief. Then you may actually get a chance to come back for further discussion. Steer away from the attack mentality.

The fundamental rule of argumentation is not attacking the closest and most valued beliefs of those you want to influence. This is likened to permitting your daughter not to love the person she is currently involved with. For you, he may come off as sleazy. But in her eyes, he is otherwise.

Another rule of argumentation is to avoid attacking generalities. Imagine yourself against the wind and spraying the eyes of the opposing camp with pepper spray then saying, can you not see? Most probably their eyes will be closed to avoid any damage. They will remain closed until the danger has passed and you have stopped talking.

On the other hand, present why you find it difficult to accept a proposition in a kind and respectful manner. Impart a good argumentation. Then you have a good chance to erode the support of the opposing camp. You should always be respectful of their opinion.

That being said, you should not attack their opinion. This is something they possess and value. You should demonstrate instead why you find it hard to accept their view based on your logic or evidence. Do not let emotions get into the way. Just use sound reasoning.

Argumentation must be perceived as a means to educate. Don’t criticize a belief. Instead, you are presenting an alternative point of view.

The next step is to acknowledge the grounds for contrasting views. By acknowledging these, you will be laying down a foundation for the argument you will present.

The 5 Things Required to Build an Argument

1) Check if the audience is warm, hostile or neutral. You have to get to know your audience. So you know how you will go about your argumentation. If they tend to agree, it’s like preaching to the choir. If they don’t, then you need to think of a totally different tactic.

2) Understand why there are different viewpoints.

a) The opposing camps may have had different experiences in life.

b) They could have the same life experiences, but have drawn different conclusions from them.

c) They look up to different authority figures or references as source of their opinion.

Any one or a combination of all these three can be the source of differing viewpoints. To beneficially and reasonably offer an argument necessitates that you should first comprehend the reasons behind opposing opinions. This allows the speech to deal with the root cause of the disagreement.

3) The next step in argumentation is to set the groundwork. Determine the proposition fit for your audience. It has to be crafted in a way where both clear affirmative and negative sides can be taken.

4) Define any terms in the proposition. This will allow everyone to understand better the topic being considered. Take time in defining the elements before offering your argument.

5) Determine issues directly in relation to the proposition. Then appeal to your most wanted response. Concentrate on these to avoid babbling. After all these, you are now ready to present your evidence.

In these examples, argumentation necessitates making credible arguments. It means determining faulty reasons. At times, it means utilizing informal logic. Winning an argument cannot rely on facts along. Be reasonable. Be understanding. Set a few ground rules. Then argumentation can actually improve a speech.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *